Heraldry of the Clan Carruthers, Scotland History

MEG TELFER AND ROY CARRUTHERS – PARENTS OF THE FIRST BORDER COLLIE – CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS

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MEG TELFER AND ROY CARRUTHERS

PARENTS OF THE FIRST BORDER COLLIE

Happy, energetic, and hardworking, the Border Collie is a popular breed of dog. In fact, the American Kennel Club ranked Border Collies at number 38 in its ranking of popular dog breeds, and the breed has enjoyed a rise in popularity in recent years.

These handsome black and white dogs, with bright eyes and expressive ears, are more than just a pretty face. Border Collies are often called the smartest of all the dog breeds.

Their intelligence, agility, and stamina make them ideal working dogs and they have been a favorite choice among farmers and ranchers to help herd sheep, and other livestock animals.

The Beginning

Roman invaders to the British Isles in the first century brought with them dogs that were used to control and move their livestock. Very quickly, the dogs spread across Britain, as well as Wales, Ireland, and Scotland.

Later, when the Roman Empire had fallen, and the Vikings invaded England, another type of dog was introduced, a smaller herding dog that resembled the Spitz.

These dogs bred with the larger Roman dogs and the results were medium-sized dogs with longer fur that were well-adapted to the geography and climate of the British Isles, excelled a herding, and were agile and athletic… the forerunner of today’s Border Collie.

It was one of these dogs that, alone, is the common ancestor of all of today’s Border Collies.

Although dogs similar to today’s border collies were most likely working alongside farmers as far back as the first century B.C., all the border collies alive today can trace their roots back to one common ancestor, a dog named Old Hemp.

Old Hemp, was born in September 1893 in West Woodburn in Northumberland to a black sheepdog named Meg Telfer and a tri-colored herding dog named Roy Carruthers.

Meg Tefler was owned by Adam Tefler and Roy Carruthers was owned by John Carruthers.  Since this article  is partial to Clan Carruthers CCIS let us tell you more about John.  John and his brother William both lived in Northumberland, but were raised in Carlisle.    The family lived in Haltwhistle, Victorian Cottage, Stippe  , Newcastle Upon Tyne and of course farmed in West Woodbury all in Northumberland.

Both John and William were , what we call today, career military.   Kings Own Scottish Regiment, out of Dumfries, Scotland.  KOSB not only trained for war but also community rescue, such as the firemen and police men we have today.  John and William served in two wars and were killed in WWI.

Old Hemp Photo
Old Hemp

Old Hemp was the son of Meg Telfar and Roy Carruthers and he didn’t look like the Border Collies of today with his tri-colored coat and minimal amounts of white fur, but he was an extraordinary dog.

Herding dogs in the days prior to dog shows and breed standards were bred more for their abilities than for their appearances as evidenced by Old Hemp.

While still a pup, less than six weeks old, Old Hemp demonstrated his tremendous herding ability.

Everyone was impressed with Old Hemp’s intelligence, natural instincts, and herding ability and the animal quickly became the top working dog on the farm.

One aspect of Old Hemp’s herding style that made him unique among other sheepdogs is that he did not rely on barking to do his job. Instead, he used his body positions. He also seems to know how and where the sheep would be moving and was able to quickly and easily head them off.

Old Hemp’s owner, Adam Telfer, was quite experienced with sheepdogs but had never before seen a dog of Old Hemp’s caliber. Telfer was once quoted as boasting about Old Hemp by saying that he “flashed like a meteor across the sheepdog horizon”. He added, “There never was such an outstanding personality.”

Old Hemp’s reputation as an outstanding herder made him highly sought after as a stud dog. People around the region wanted puppies sired by the legendary herding dog so they brought their dames to Telfer.

By some accounts, Old Hemp may have had as many as 200 pups.

Most of these animals continued the traits that made Old Hemp such a preeminent herding dog, as well as his physical characteristics, including his rough coat and medium build.

Because his lineage is responsible for the propagation of the Border Collie traits, Old Hemp has been called the ‘foundation sire’ of the breed…the animal that originated the dog breed.

Old Hemp is listed in the stud book of the International Sheepdog Society, which was founded in Scotland in 1906.

Adam Telfer Photo
Adam Telfer

In fact, he is the ninth entry out of more than 300,000 dogs. His contribution to the Border Collie breed cannot be understated, and Telfer, the dog’s owner, and breeder, is credited with producing a strong line of herding dogs that set the stage for the creation of the Border Collie breed.

There are no existing records to show if Telfer entered Old Hemp in any of the sheepdog trial events. It is known, however, that Old Hemp’s grandson, a dog named Sweep, that was also owned and bred by Telfer, excelled at these types of competitions.

He twice won the International Sheep Dog Society’s sheepdog trials championship. Another of Old Hemp’s descendants, a Telfer-owned dog appropriately named Young Hemp, was the 1924 International Farmers’ Championship Sheepdog winner.

In fact, Old Hemp produced a steady line of champions. Between 1906 and 1951, every one of the twenty-nine dogs that captured this championship was from Old Hemp’s direct lineage.

With breeders producing dogs with similar looks and abilities, it was time to name the breed and declare it – or at least try to – its own specific breed of dog.

First of their Name

The first reference to this breed of dog is called a Border Collie can be traced back to 1915 when it was coined by the secretary of the International Sheep Dog Society, James Reid.

The first word in the dog breed’s name, ‘Border’, most likely is a place name referring to the border area between England and Scotland. The term ‘collie’ or ‘colley’, however, has a bit more complex etymology.

‘Collie’ is thought to originate in the Celtic language as a term meaning ‘useful’.

Others point out that colley sheep in the Scottish Highlands is a type of sheep that are noted for their black markings, adding that ‘colley’ is an old Anglo-Saxon word for the color black.

It is, therefore, quite conceivable that the Border Collie took its name from the black markings on its coat.

As early as the 1880s and 1890s, exceptional Border Collies were being exported to other countries where sheep ranching was a leading agricultural practice.

James Lilico, a resident of Christchurch, New Zealand, was responsible for bringing several dogs from Scotland’s top sheepdog breeders to New Zealand. Among these dogs was Hindhope Jed, a descendant of Old Hemp’s that was born in 1895 in the area of Hindhope, Scotland, and bred by John Elliot.

Elliot’s superb dogs were sought after by serious aficionados of the breed. In fact, Elliot even gifted one of his Border Collie pups to Queen Victoria.

Before relocating to New Zealand, Hindhope Jed won three of Scotland’s top sheepdog trials. In his new home in New Zealand, Hindhope Jed proved himself to be an impressive representation of his breed.

Hindhope Jed became the Sheep Dog Champion of both New Zealand and neighboring Australia.

Hindhope Jed wasn’t the only Border Collie that Lilico imported to New Zealand.

He brought in other superb herding dogs as well, including Old Bob, Ness, Maudie, and Moss of Ancrum.

Border Collies as Sheepdogs

Border Collie Herding PhotoThese dogs dominated the sheepdog trial circuit and helped to energize the breeding stock for Border Collies in both New Zealand and Australia.

In Canada and the United States in the years following the end of the Civil War, prominent sheep farmers started to import sheep from Scotland and other areas.

Coming over on the cargo ships with the sheep were the sheepdogs, including dogs that would later be called Border Collies.

The dogs’ handlers demonstrated the animals’ abilities to the amazed American ranchers and many of them sent word back to Scotland and England asking for more herding dogs to be sent across the Atlantic to the Americas.

Settlers pushed westward into the Great Plains of the United States and Canada, and the vast prairies proved to be ideal for raising livestock.

Prior to the widespread use of barbed wire fencing, which was invented in 1874, the prairie was a wide-open region. It was necessary to move large herds of sheep and cattle across great distances, either to take them to fresh pasture areas, to move them to winter grazing grounds, or to take them to market.

The task of containing and moving the livestock was to the responsibility of ranch hands on horseback, with the invaluable assistance of herding dogs, particularly Border Collies.

According to written accounts of the day, a herd of a thousand sheep could be managed by one rancher and one good sheep herding dog.

Just like the breed’s ‘foundation sire’, Old Hemp, a top quality Border Collie of the 1880s to 1930s only barked to warn of danger.

The working dog never left the sheep unattended and was not distracted by a flushed rabbit or pheasant. If a predator threatened the flock, the Border Collie was ready to protect his charges.

Wiston Cap

John Richardson and Wiston Cap Photo
John Richardson and Wiston Cap

The dog that helped to change all that was Wiston Cap. Born in 1963, Wiston Cap has been singled out as the dog that had the most influence on the Border Collies we see today.

The dog was the product of W.S. Hetherington’s breeding efforts and was shown and handled by John Richardson.

An exquisite animal, Wiston Cap is the dog that set the standards for the breed, as designated by the International Sheep Dog Society.

All Border Collies since then have been measured and evaluated against the standards set by Wiston Cap. A champion and a stud, Wiston Cap’s descendants include three Supreme Champions.

Present Day

Border Collie in Dog Bed PhotoMore and more people who are unrelated to the farming and ranching industry are discovering the Border Collie breed.

The traits that make this breed an exceptional herding dog also make it a great family dog when given the proper training and attention. The Border Collie is intelligent, attentive, hard-working, active, agile, affectionate, and athletic.

To this day, more and more border collies are finding their ways off of farms and into the homes of loving families.

While many are still working border collies to this day, the ones that aren’t, still hold their heritage deep in their hearts. Now you know the border collie history.

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Tom Moss – Border Revier Historian – Clan Carruthers CCIS

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Tom Moss – Border Reiver Historian

THE PURSUIT OF HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE HAS ALWAYS BEEN A GREAT JOY TO ME.

 

 

 

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It is with pleasure that I settle in comfort with a worthy tome to re-enact in the mind’s eye yet another battle or wrestle with the conflicts that confronted intellects long gone.

 

 

Such delight brings yet further rewards as often I cannot wait to quit the comfort of the big armchair and journey to the places where men fought and died for a cause or see the places where the people of my reading lived and loved, were born or reached the end of their lives.

Until the 1980’s I lived in the textile mill towns of Lancashire before moving with my work to Carlisle. Here I have been ever since apart from seven years which I spent in Hawick, a lovely Scottish Border town. The moves, naturally for a lover of history, opened many a new avenue to me and have led to my great love of the Border country.

There is yet much more to see and read about.

Being brought up in the mill towns of Lancashire it seemed a natural progression that I would follow in the footsteps of many generations of my family and seek employment in the ‘dark satanic’ mills. This I did. I still work in textiles, it was lack of employment in the places of my youth that drove me north. I am currently the manager of a weaving mill in Carlisle. We prosper, I think, though times are hard and competition from the east is daily just below the horizon.

The move kick-started my love of Border history and, indeed my fascination with English\Scottish relationships to the Union of the Crowns in 1603.

Today I am a qualified textile technologist having studied the composition of yarns and fibres and their practical applications.

Technology and history might appear to be strange bedfellows but, in my case, I believe them to be the perfect foil. Both add interest and spice to my life. I pursue both with zest.

When I moved to the Border country it was if I had ‘come home’. I had a feeling of belonging, of this is where I should be.

Perhaps the fact, that for all my time in Lancashire, I was born near Blyth in Northumberland and am thus a Borderer, has something to do with my great love for the area and its history.

WHAT SPECIFICALLY?

I’m sure you will not be disappointed! I have read the history from many sources and, more relevantly, in my opinion, walked the ground. The site of a Border Reivers fortified tower, ruined or lived in yet, or Border battlefield, says more then a thousand words.

Join me, indulge your interest in history or maybe revisit the lives and times of your name-sakes or ancestors.

I concentrate on the years 1286 to 1603, from the death of Alexander 3rd of Scotland to the Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland.

http://www.reivershistory.co.uk/about.html#

 

SPECIFIC AREAS

 

  • The Border Laws from 1222 to 1596
  • Allegiance and Feud in the Reiving Times
  • The Formation of the Border Line between England and Scotland
  • The Debateable Land – why was it Debateable?
  • The Border Reivers – How they Lived
  • The Pacification of the Borders after the Union of the Crowns in 1603

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Preserving Our Past!    Recording Our Present!  Informing Our Future!

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TOM MOSS

 ROSE COTTAGE PUBLICATIONS, UPPER HOUSE, UPPER DENTON, GILSLAND. CA8 7AG

http://www.reivershistory.co.uk/about.html#

REVIEWED BY DR GAIL CARRUTHERS BOHANNON GREY

CLAN CARRUTHERS INT SOCIETY CCIS HISTORIAN AND GENEALOGIST

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ireland

CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS – OGHAM

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OGHAM

Ogham (Om) is a very ancient form of writing. It was written on stones, staffs, manuscripts and monuments. It was/is known as a language of energetic frequency and harmonics. It had 20 letters based on Irish trees. 4 groups of 5 notes = the Ogham pentatonic. The ancients would listen to the sound of trees in the wind to hear the individual notes. It was also used as a Lunar calender. It was used in the past and today for Sigil Magick used by the Egyptians and Druids.
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Unfortunately the topic of Ogham has been lost to most people due to suppression and conquests. It is supposed to be a medieval language but it was appropriated by the Culdean Church that time. We may never know the true origin. But in my opinion it is very ancient. Henry o Briens book: Atlantis Ireland, The Round Towers of Ireland 1834. Quotes;
“It is well known, that long prior to the arrival of Cadmus (first Greek god who apparently created it) the Greeks were in possession of alphabetic writing. Diodorus states so, but adds that a deluge had swept all away. One thousand, five hundred and fifty, before the era we count by, is agreed upon as the year, in which Cadmus visited Greece, and you have the authority of Pausanias, that he himself had read an inscription upon a monument at Megara, the date of which was 1678 before our epoch, that is, one hundred and twenty eight years before Cadmus’s time.”
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“Besides those ordinary letters of the Beth luis nion, the Irish made use of various other occult and secret forms of writing, which they call Ogham.”
“These are all peculiar, and totally separate from the Phoenician alliance.”
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He was about to publish a second book relating to Egypt. But suddenly died while visiting friends in Hanwell, he was only 27. Seems like he was taken out for exposure. He talks about the involvement of the Fir Blogs and Danann in the Scythian/Assyrian war.
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After it was appropriated It became lost to the majority of the common man. In 1712, Queen Anne’s reign a Welsh antiquary named Edward Lhyd discovered a previously unknown kind of writing on a stone in Trabeg, County Kerry (translated later to a memorial of a guy named Bruscc). This exercised the minds of many and 27 years later General Charles Vallancey was summoned to a tombstone in Mount Callan County Clare. The Ogham was identical to Lhyds script. Unlike Lhyd he used the book of Ballymote and he was first in cracking the code in modernish times. He became obsessed and absorbed into Irish culture with help from locals.
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Ogham has morphed over the centuries. It was originally 17 letters based on the Bethluisnion. And didn’t have some modern vowels. The second Aicme I surmise should be the first as the first letter of 1 to 5 in Irish is the exact order. 1= haon, 2 = dó, 3 = trí, 4 = ceathair, 5 = qúig. It was also used by the Druids as a sign language using fingers to remain in stealth for invaders. In the annals of Ireland Ogma was supposed to have invented to alphabet and Cuchulainn used it twice. In Egyptian its called Ahom. Ogham is synonymous to Aum in the East and Awen in the West. The 3 chants sound exactly the same. Used in meditation & called the sound of the universe.
No photo description available.
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Carruthers history, carruthersland, Scotland History

CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS – DALTON CHURCH

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DALTON CHURCH

CARRUTHERS CHURCH

Carruthersland

Dalton Old Parish Church 

A wee gem of a category A ruin. The ruin we see was built in 1704 and was built on the base of the walls of an earlier church which may date from the 12th century. Some of the base of the earlier church can be seen along the North side. There are stone stairs at each gable which lead to gallery doors. There is an impressive round (bullseye) window on the eastern gable. The Carruthers family features on many of the tombstones and monuments.

The ruin shares the grounds with the present Parish Church which was built in 1895, super seeding the old church.. Although a category B building it is pretty plain in comparison but it does have an interesting tower.

LITTLE DALTON OLD KIRK

CARRUTHERSLAND

The ruins of Little Dalton Kirk – CARRUTHERSLAND -(DUMFRIESSHIRE, SCOTLAND) can be found on the banks of the Dalton Burn to the NW of the village of Dalton. It lies off the road from Dormont and Mouswald and can be easily missed. The Kirk dates from the  15th century with some masonry dating to a 13th century predecessor. It served the community of Little Dalton and its lords. The village lay on the lands of Holmain, seat of the Carruthers family.   The village was a thriving crofting community until the 16th century when the village declined. This was the time that King James gave the order to kill all lowlanders.  So the Carruthers escaped to Northern Ireland with the help and advice or Lord Atchison.

The Kirk was finally abandoned in 1633 but the graveyard  was used until 1788. There is a table gravestone in memory of Dr William Carruthers dated 1764.

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Preserving Our Past!    Recording Our Present!  Informing Our Future!

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Scotland History

CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS – THE EXECUTION OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS

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THE EXECUTION OF MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS

 

RJ-Mary Queen Of Scots-043On 09 FEBURARY 1587, Queen Mary I of Scotland otherwise known As Mary Queen of Scots was executed at Fotheringhay Castle in England
On 11 August 1586, after being implicated in the Babington Plot, Mary was arrested while out riding and taken to Tixall.
 
In a successful attempt to entrap her, Sir Francis Walsingham had deliberately arranged for Mary’s letters to be smuggled out of Chartley. Mary was misled into thinking her letters were secure, while in reality they were deciphered and read by Walsingham.
 
From these letters it was clear that Mary had sanctioned the attempted assassination of Elizabeth.
 
Mary was moved to Fotheringhay Castle in a four-day journey ending on 25 September. In October, she was put on trial for treason under the Act for the Queen’s Safety before a court of 36 noblemen, including William Cecil, the Earl of Shrewsbury, and Walsingham. Spirited in her defence, Mary denied the charges. She told her triers, “Look to your consciences and remember that the theatre of the whole world is wider than the kingdom of England”. She protested that she had been denied the opportunity to review the evidence, that her papers had been removed from her, that she was denied access to legal counsel and that as a foreign anointed queen she had never been an English subject and thus could not be convicted of treason.
 
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She was convicted on 25 October and sentenced to death with only one commissioner, Lord Zouche, expressing any form of dissent. Nevertheless, Elizabeth hesitated to order her execution, even in the face of pressure from the English Parliament to carry out the sentence. She was concerned that the killing of a queen set a discreditable precedent and was fearful of the consequences, especially if, in retaliation, Mary’s son, James, formed an alliance with the Catholic powers and invaded England.
 
Elizabeth asked Paulet, Mary’s final custodian, if he would contrive a clandestine way to “shorten the life” of Mary, which he refused to do on the grounds that he would not make “a shipwreck of my conscience, or leave so great a blot on my poor posterity”. On 1 February 1587, Elizabeth signed the death warrant, and entrusted it to William Davison, a privy councillor. On 3 February, ten members of the Privy Council of England, having been summoned by Cecil without Elizabeth’s knowledge, decided to carry out the sentence at  once
 
 
At Fotheringhay, on the evening of 7 February 1587, Mary was told she was to be executed the next morning.She spent the last hours of her life in prayer, distributing her belongings to her household, and writing her will and a letter to the King of France. The scaffold that was erected in the Great Hall was draped in black cloth. It was reached by two or three steps, and furnished with the block, a cushion for her to kneel on, and three stools for her and the earls of Shrewsbury and Kent, who were there to witness the execution.
 
The executioner Bull and his assistant knelt before her and asked forgiveness, as it was typical for the executioner to request the pardon of the one being put to death. Mary replied, “I forgive you with all my heart, for now, I hope, you shall make an end of all my troubles.”Her servants, Jane Kennedy and Elizabeth Curle, and the executioners helped Mary remove her outer garments, revealing a velvet petticoat and a pair of sleeves in crimson brown, the liturgical colour of martyrdom in the Catholic Church, with a black satin bodice and black trimmings. As she disrobed Mary smiled and said she “never had such grooms before … nor ever put off her clothes before such a company”. She was blindfolded by Kennedy with a white veil embroidered in gold, knelt down on the cushion in front of the block on which she positioned her head, and stretched out her arms. Her last words were, In manus tuas, Domine, commendo spiritum meum (“Into thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit”).
 
 
Mary was not beheaded with a single strike. The first blow missed her neck and struck the back of her head. The second blow severed the neck, except for a small bit of sinew, which the executioner cut through using the axe. Afterwards, he held her head aloft and declared, “God save the Queen.” At that moment, the auburn tresses in his hand turned out to be a wig and the head fell to the ground, revealing that Mary had very short, grey hair.
 
Cecil’s nephew, who was present at the execution, reported to his uncle that after her death “Her lips stirred up and down a quarter of an hour after her head was cut off” and that a small dog owned by the queen emerged from hiding among her skirts
 
Mary’s request to be buried in France was refused by Elizabeth. Her body was embalmed and left in a secure lead coffin until her burial in a Protestant service at Peterborough Cathedral in late July 1587. Her entrails, removed as part of the embalming process, were buried secretly within Fotheringhay Castle. Her body was exhumed in 1612 when her son, King James VI and I, ordered that she be reinterred in Westminster Abbey in a chapel opposite the tomb of Elizabeth.
 
Interesting foot noteS
 
The Execution of Mary Stuart the short film produced in 1895 by Thomas Edison depicts the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots and is the first known film to use special effects, specifically the stop trick.
 
Many in Clan Carruthers Int Society CCIS have done their family history and are related to Mary Queen of Scots.  We have not connected her, yet, through DNA. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS – BOARD OF DIRECTORS

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CLAN CARRUTHERS INT SOCIETY CCIS

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Clan Carruthers Int Society CCIS is very proud to have a strong Board of Directors.  Most of our board members have been with us since conception of this great Carruthers Clan.

Chief :  Patrick E Carrothers

Chieftains :    Keith Carrothers – Canada

Jeff Carrothers – USA

Harold J Carruthers – Canada

Chris Carruthers – Canada

The Clan Chief and Chieftains have a lifelong position of honor.  They will always be members of the Board of Directors.  Their wisdom and guidance is priceless.

Barb Carruthers – Warnock                                 Ontario, Canada

Cynthia Farwell                                                      California,  USA

David C Carrithers                                                 Missouri,  USA

Denise Sweem Fauble                                            Iowa,   USA

Gail Caruthers Bohannon Gray                            Texas USA

John Carothers                                                        Arkansas,  USA

John L Carruthers                                                   North Carolina,  USA

Judy Carrothers Carr                                              Texas,  USA

Justin Shane Carothers                                          Arkansas, USA

LeeAnne Carrothers                                               Alaska, USA

Patricia Carrothers                                                  Chicago  USA

Susan Beattie                                                             Ontario Canada

Tammy Wise                                                              Indiana, USA

You can always contact any board member by sending an email to :  Carruthersclan1@gmail.com

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Clan Crest, CLAN TARTAN, History of Scottish Clans, Uncategorized

CLAN CARRUTHERS – IS CLAN CARRUTHERS OF ENGLAND FOLLOWING THE RULES LIKE OTHER CLANS

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THIS IS A REPRINT OF A BLOG POSTED ON ONE OF THE CLAN FRASER SITES.

CLAN CARRUTHERS SOCIETY – INTERNATIONAL IS AN EMBARRASSMENT TO ALL CLANS

This picture is their tartan, designed in 2017, and their clan badge designed by Anthony Maxwell.  

Clan Carruthers, as we all know, should have a Seraph in the center of their badge.  Yet, this is a cherub.   It did not originally have a face, so a cherub, but in time the face was added.  It is not correct, yet they think everything they do is correct. 

Recently the Lord Lyons granted them a new chief.  Even though 4 times prior every Lord Lyons seated found too many errors.  Why did the current seated Lord Lyons, after just being named in his office, grant them a chief.  George Carruthers of England was coordinating everything, and yet neither he, nor the new Chief to be showed up in court.  If they had, the courtroom would have been shocked to see a man from Pakistan standing there wanting to be chief.  

Myself and William Carruthers of Stirling went to the Lord Lyons Office to see the proclamation, and they could not find it.  It is suppose to be posted.   This Pakistan Man, does not live in Scotland, and a chief is suppose to.  He had a brand new business posted on the web, that anyone with any intelligence could see was a fake.   Guess what?   Soon afterwards, it was gone.   He says he works at a Agricultural College in England/Wales, and yet when we called they did not know him, except to say he attended seminars a couple times. 

The past Lord Lyons had started to use DNA comparison, and this Lord Lyons didnt.  

There is not genealogy to prove lineage.  Where is it?  Again, the Lord Lyons office could not confirm there was any. 

This clan carruthers had no gathering.  They could not get enough people to show up.  Yet once again, a rule of the Lord Lyons office was not followed. 

No proud Carruthers ancestor would have followed this clan

This is what is shameful.   

They recently posted this advertisement on their web site to get members to join.

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This is not their tartan.   Theirs I posted above.  

This is used by Clan Carruthers International Society CCIS.   They even tried to make their name look similar.  If they are a Scottish Clan then why are they now claiming to be a society.    More deceit!

Could it be that Clan Carruthers International Society CCIS is so successful and they arent.  I counted almost 15,000 members on facebook pages alone.    They have had 6 large Clan Gatherings since 2018 in several countries.  Canada, United States and Dr Gail Carruthers Bohannon Gray just hosted one in Scotland.  

Clan Carruthers Society International is an embarrassment to all proud Scottish Clans. 

Published by drtimfrasier

Northumberland Archeologist working on historical excavations for almost 20 years.

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The Picts

CLAN CARRUTHERS – SCOTLAND PICT SITE

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SCOTLAND PICT SITE IN ABERDEENSHIRE

This Picture Village in Scotland is one of the most important historical discoveries of 2020
The discovery of the largest pictorial site known to date in Aberdeenshire is described as
one of the most important archaeological findings of 2020.
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An Aberdeen University team discovered evidence in May that as many as 4 people could
have lived at the top of Tap O ‘ Noth near Rhynie for approximately 1700 to 1400 years.
This discovery joins the discovery of 5000-year-old textiles and hundreds of medieval
skeletons among the best discoveries according to Scotland’s main antique organization.
Edinburgh based Society of Antiquaries of Scotland says the Covid-19 pandemic has had a
profound impact on the Scottish archaeological sector, with the majority of commercial
archaeology being paralysed during lockdown and most non-public groups unable to
continue their work.
However, they said archaeologists and volunteers still managed to discover new details
about Scotland’s past in the lab and on site and thus compiled some of the very important
findings. Many thought the village of Aberdeenshire Hillfort was from the bronze or iron
age, but researchers said carbon dating suggested it was probably Pictes, dating back to the
third century AD.
This information, combined with drone overflights and laser technology, revealed no less
than 800 huts in the fort described as ′′ potentially approaching the urban ladder “. The hill
is one of the largest oldest facilities ever known discoveries in the UK. Researchers said at its
peak, he could compete with the largest known post-Roman facilities in Europe.
Pictures dominated parts of Scotland for centuries and were first mentioned in late Roman
writings as a collection of awkward social groups. They disappeared from written
documents about 1 years ago, and the Antiquarian Society said every discovery helped fill
another gap in this ′′ enigmatic ′′ period of Scottish history.
It is hoped that more excavations can take place in 2021 and people will visit Aberdeenshire
to explore the site when it’s safe to travel. Dr. Jeff Sanders, Project Leader at the Society of
Antiquaries of Scotland’s Dig It! project, said: ′′ Archaeology is about discovering stories
from Scotland and these are just a few of the new chapters that have been added despite the
pandemic. As Scotland’s archaeological strategy reminds us, archaeology is for everyone
and so we hope you’ll be inspired to get involved in 2021 when it’s sanitarily safe to do so.”
There is also new evidence that the famous Scottish textile industry goes back thousands of
years – with the oldest evidence of fabric found in the Orkney.
Evidence of woven neolithic textile was confirmed during research excavations at the
Institute of Archaeology at the University of Highlands and Islands at the Ness of Brodgar in
June. Only one other example of this type was found in Scotland. The site’s archaeologists
had not physically recovered a 5-year-old piece of fabric, but the trace he left when pressed
against a pot’s wet clay.
At the time, there was only one other evidence suggesting the use of woven textiles in
Neolithic Scotland – another clay footprint discovered in 1966 at Dumfries and Galloway. The
findings were revealed during a project launched in 2019 at the University of the Highlands
and Islands Institute of Archaeology by Jan Blatchford and Roy Towers to closely look at the
impressions left on the Grooved Ware pottery tones surfaces at Ness. Ness.
The Ness of Brodgar team has investigated this huge monumental neolithic building
complex since 2012, but all excavations and field work have been suspended this year due
to the pandemic. The team plans to resume work in 2021 with visits and open houses for the
public.
The discovery of skeletons was made in July when lockdown was lifted during the summer.
Archaeologists have started digging up skeletons and objects in a medieval Leith cemetery
that were expected to be affected by work to extend the Edinburgh tram line to Newhaven.
This is a discovery of more than 350 graves that could be back to 1300. On the first day,
Guard Archology Ltd’s professional team had already exhumed more than ten bodies from
1300 to 1650, as well as the apparent leftover from the original medieval cemetery wall.
Initial archaeological work began in November 2019 but stopped at the end of March due to
the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown measures.
Early discoveries in the first four months of digging included remains of whales that left
experts puzzled. Whale bones, which could be 800 years ago, were identified by experts
from the National Museum of Scotland and may have discovered new evidence of the city’s
secular ′′ defences ′′ against maritime attacks. Carbon dating tests must be carried out to
determine if bones can be traced back to medieval times and Leith’s early homes.
Historic Environment Scotland grants officer Amy Eastwood said: ′′ Despite numerous
archaeological work suspended this year due to the pandemic, the sector has continued to
update exciting findings. This archaeological work is essential to our understanding of
Scotland’s past, and we are delighted to support and promote the fantastic work done
nationwide.
—–

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History of Scottish Clans

CLAN CARRUTHERS – THE RELEVANCY OF CLANS IN THE 21ST CENTURY

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THE RELEVANCY OF CLANS IN THE 21ST CENTURY

Attend any Scottish heritage event and you will be immersed in all things Clan.  Many of the individuals attending these events are proud of their Scottish ancestry and, more importantly, the history of their Clan.  They will regal you with stories of battles fought long ago, cattle rustling, and Clan feuds.  These stories show the Clans at their best and at their worst, but they complete the tapestry of a proud history.  The Clan was more important than King and Country; it was the fabric of everyday life and served the function of community, governance, and protection of its members.  That is not the case in the 21st Century where communities and governments now serve the functions previously provided by the Clan and Chiefs.  This begs the question, do Clans still have relevance in the 21st Century? Or are they quaint, anachronistic entities that allow people to dress up in plaid and tell old stories?   It’s an interesting question I have been pondering for a while now, and one I have discussed with people on both sides of the ponds. Do the Clans have a role, or is it just a quaint idea to be pretended during games, St. Andrew’s Dinners, or Burns Night events?

What is a Clan The word Clan is a late Middle English word, derived from Gaelic, which translates to “children of” or “offspring”.  While it is most commonly attributed to the Scots Gaelic word clann is also found in Old Irish Gaelic (cland) and in Old Welsh (plant); all having the same meaning.  As a social practice, Clans consisted of individuals who either shared a common ancestor, had a greater familial connection, or were bound by territory.  While the word and practice can be found throughout both Gaelic and Brythonic cultures there is an ongoing debate on its modern-day use.  There are basically two different camps of thought: the first make a strong differentiation between Clans (Scottish Highlands) and Families (Scottish Lowlands); the second use Clan as an overarching term for all Scottish families.  Both arguments have merit; however, for ease of writing and due to most common usage, I will be using Clan in the overarching sense.

The Clan of the Past
When one gets to the heart of it, the raison de etre for Clans in the past was self-sustainment and protection.  Certainly, there were extended familial ties; however not all members who owed their allegiance to a specific Clan were descended from a common ancestor.  In many instances families within a region that fell under the dominion of a certain Chief, Laird, or Lord, along with the extended family, swore allegiance to that Clan and Chief.  (Indeed, this practice is at the root of the academic discussions on septs of a name.)  These communities, bound by either blood or oath, worked together for the common good of everyone in the community.  While romanticized to great extent by literary giants such as Robert Burns and Sir Walter Scott, the bare bones truth of their creation was for survival and community.

The Modern-Day Clan Today, our survival does not necessitate belonging to a Clan.  Clans are no longer the fighting, agrarian organizations we read about, instead they have evolved into social societies.  Individuals are invited to join after paying a yearly membership fee, and then participate in a myriad of social events such as dinners, tours, games, etc.  Indeed, the only sheep and coo (cow) rustling that occurs is the occasional, and temporary, theft of someone’s stuffed animal at a Highland Game.  In these instances, blackmail is provided through the expenditure of shared libations, good-hearted jesting, and always evolving into A LOT of storytelling.  To many outsiders looking in, that is the extent of it, a bit of fun a couple times a year; however, that is only the veneer.  Instead of just joining a Clan, they have joined a global entity in the Scottish Diaspora

The Scottish Diaspora

The Scots are renowned for their spirit of adventurism and determination.  These traits helped them to successfully emigrate to the various colonies and countries around the world and establish new communities.  They brought with them their families, culture, heritage, traditions, and their world-renowned Scottish hospitality.  These families flourished in their new homes, resulting in more than 30 million descendants very proud of their Scottish heritage.  It is these descendants who established the various Clan, clubs, and Scottish societies found around the world; embracing all things Scottish to include the extended Diaspora.  This is something I have experience numerous times in my own travels and interactions; Scots willing to open up their homes to a complete stranger.  While we no longer need the protection of the Clan there is something to be said for both the connected community.

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The Relevancy of Clans in the 21st Century Psychologist and Sociologists have long known the requirement for human interaction.  Abraham Maslow noted the importance of belonging in his work The Hierarchy of Needs; placing it as the third most important item required for human survival. (Only Psychological and Safety needs were more important). Multiple studies have proven a person is healthier, happier, and lives longer, more productive lives if they have healthy social interaction.

The need to belong, to identify, and to be proud of one’s shared history is not a modern revelation. This facet of human behavior was one of the cornerstones of the old Clan system, and remains so in modern times.  The added strength of today’s Clans resides in its global community.  Regardless of where we travel, there are people who have a shared ownership of Scottish history.  Our regional diversity allows us to share so much more in regards to experiences, thoughts, and philosophies; which inherently makes us better as individuals, Clans, and an ethnicity.
Are the Clans relevant in the 21st Century? I strongly believe so.  While we may not be rustling more than a stuffed coo from each other; we do provide a group for people to rely on and to commune with.  While we are proud of our individual Clans it doesn’t rely on whether you are a Beatty, Carruthers, MacGregor, Campbell, MacDonald or Frasier; it is the shared identity of a people.  A people who’s ancestors grit and determination spread them across the globe; and who’s children still carry on.

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Carruthers history, Scotland History

CLAN CARRUTHERS CCIS – CARRUTHERS DEPICTED IN GUY MANNING NOVEL BY SIR WALTER SCOTT

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Carruthers Depicted by Sir Walter Scott in the Novel Guy Mannering

There is a remarkable story, factual, concerning how Sir Walter Scott, in his role as principal clerk to the Court of Session, became aware of legal proceedings involving retention of an estate in the Carruthers family.  Scott had this story in mind as he developed the plot, and wrote his novel Guy Mannering.

This story underscores the significance of hereditary estate retention throughout history.  The Carruthers family owned the Mouswald land from 1320 until 1588 – 258 years.  The Holmains estate was in the Carruthers family from 1361 until 1772 – 411 years.  A. Stanley Carruthers in his book Records of the Carruthers Family, published in 1933, called the Woodfoot and Milne branches of the family “probably” the senior traceable branch of the family.  However, both Milne and Woodfoot are extinct in the male line.

This brings us to the Carruthers family of Dormont .  The ancestor of this branch was William Carruthers, 3rd son of John Carruthers, 5th Lord and 1st Baron Holmains.  He received the Charter of Carsopeland from his father in 1552.  James Carruthers, the 13th Laird, currently heads the Dormont family – 456 years later.

Can you imagine the difficult circumstances people must have had to go through to keep an estate in the family for over 450 years?  Elsewhere on this web site you can see where Carruthers estates were lost due to murder, bank failure, non-freedom of religion and marriage with no male heirs.  How the Carruthers family of Dormont has been able to retain one estate for over 450 years is nothing short of remarkable.  But this story involves a legal case that was finally closed after going before the House of Lords for a second time, almost 80 years after an illegitimate child was born.

Details of this story can be found in Records of the Carruthers Family, in Michael Robson’s book Surnames and Clansmen – Border Family History in Earlier Days,  along with the Court of Sessions records.

Extracts are provided below.

Francis, the 5th Laird of Dormont  , succeeded his grandfather in 1725.  In 1731 he married Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Maxwell of Monreith.  In 1735 he made a post-nuptial contract of marriage to himself and his heirs male, whom failing the heirs male of any other marriage, whom failing to any daughter he might have by Margaret Maxwell.  A clause stipulated that if a daughter was excluded from the estate by any term in the deed, she should get £1,000 sterling.  Margaret had a way of living beyond their means and the resulting financial hardship caused Francis to give up his life as a leisurely country gentleman and make some additional money.  His chosen path was in selling and delivering Galloway cattle, a potentially prosperous venture, but one that kept him away from home for extended periods of time.  During one extended absence trying to settle a lawsuit in England, he received word from home that “Mrs. Carruthers’s conduct with regard to a handsome stout fellow of a gardener named Bell at Dormont, was not a little suspicious”.   When he got home, it was obvious that his wife was “with child”.  He steadfastly exclaimed that he was not the father since he had been away from home for “nearly a whole year”.

Francis then decided to get rid of his wife by getting a divorce.   However, the questioning of the staff only provided him with suspicious circumstances, not the proof he needed at that time to justify divorce proceedings.  Undaunted, he decided to proceed anyway with the divorce action.  But, before the proceedings could be finished, after having been married ten years without a child, Margaret had a daughter, Elizabeth, on May 28, 1741.  Francis, naturally refused to acknowledge the child as his daughter.   But, since he was not divorced, the law said that the child was a legitimate heir.  Francis’ divorce from Margaret was finalized on January 6, 1742.  Not too long after delivering her child, though, Margaret fell ill and died.  While this death solved the expense problem, there still was an open question about inheritance of the child, and Margaret was no longer around to answer any questions.

Francis did not seem interested in marrying again and continuing to try to have a male heir.  Under the previous entail , there was some question as to whether or not a male child by a 2nd wife would take precedence over a female heir by his 1st wife.  Therefore, Francis spent his energy trying to prove that Elizabeth was illegitimate.  But, his time away from home turned out to be 9½ months, and under the law, since he had been home within 10 months, the child was legitimately his.

He refused to see the infant Elizabeth, “alien to his blood”, and arranged for her to be brought up in Northumberland, in what Sir Walter Scott called the “wildest part of the Cheviot Hills” at the home of “an ignorant and low farmer” named Thomas Robson.  He was paid to bring her up as his own daughter and never let her know that she had any other father.  She was known as Betty Robson.  Francis apparently did provide money for her support every year.  However, like most Cheviot farmers, Robson spent his evenings drunk and, over the years let out more and more of the story.

Elizabeth, like her mother Margaret, turned out to be an exceedingly beautiful woman, with men courting her from all over the area.  In 1758, at the age of 17, she ran off with Henry Routledge of Cumcrook and Nether Hill.  They ran away to Edinburgh and got married.  Henry, aware of her circumstances, wrote to her presumed father, Francis Carruthers, for permission to marry, but he never answered.

Henry, although from a landed family, was a 4th son of a small estate burdened with debt, so he inherited very little.  Struggling at the poverty level, and pressed to pay off debts, the couple was desparate enough to approach Francis Carruthers for money.  They started with high demands, requiring part of the Dormont estate while Francis lived, and all of it at his death.  Getting nowhere with this demand, they eventually settled on signing a “Deed of Renounciation of all Claim upon the Estate of Dormont” for £650.  Immediately after this, Francis executed another document providing Dormont would go only to his male heirs, failing any then to his brother William Carruthers and his male heirs – finalized December 8, 1759.

Francis died in 1773 and his brother, William, headed the estate for the next 14 years.  William, and the next 2 generations after him, gained little from inheriting Dormont, since the estate was still in debt, almost to the extent of its whole value.

The Routledges were unable to make the £650 last very long.  They continued scraping by, now needing to also support 2 children, John and Anne.  Sir Walter Scott stated that Henry Routledge died in the Carlisle jail.  Elizabeth died in 1768, leaving the 2 children in dire circumstances.  The plot now thickens once again.  Given that Margaret Maxwell had been a sister to Sir William Maxwell, a cousin to the mother then took it upon herself to raise the 2 children.  The cousin, by this time, was known as the Duchess of Gordon.  The Duchess had John and Anne educated and procured a job for him in India.  She also arranged a good marriage for Anne, to Mr. Majendie, the Bishop of Bangor.

In 1806, John Rutledge returned from India.  He had prospered.  While visiting Cumberland, he is believed to have crossed to Dumfriesshire and stopped at an inn close to Dormont.   Here he learned, quite by chance, of his mother’s connection with the Carruthers family.  He at once raised an action to set aside the settlement of the estate made in 1759 by Francis. The two main questions were (1) was the deed of 1759 valid, seeing that it had not been challenged for over forty years; (2) did the discharge given by Elizabeth on receipt of the £650 exclude her heir’s rights to the estate under his grandmother’s marriage contract in 1735.  It took exactly 14 years to reach an ultimate decision.  By that time John Rufledge was dead,  but his sister, Mrs. Majendie, had continued the lawsuit.  The suit was heard in every court in Scotland, even argued twice at length, before the House of Lords.  At various times, the decision had been made in each party’s favor.  However, the final decision handed down in 1820, was in the favor of William Thomas Carruthers, grand-nephew of Francis, and the 8th Laird of Dormont.

Sir Walter Scott published his novel Guy Mannering in 1815.

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